ECO-MUSHROOM SEEDS

Quality mushroom seeds are necessary for successful in Mushroom cultivation. ‘Eco-care & Aware’ has taken initiative in providing quality seeds to interested farmers in the name of Eco-Mushroom. Basically we provide two types of mushroom seeds namely Paddy Straw and Oyster(Prepared in Bottles, see Picture). Paddy straw Mushroom are grown throughout the year in Odisha. But Oyster mushroom are generally grown in winter season only. These two types of mushroom can also be grown throughout the Indian Subcontinent.



We can deliver quality Mushroom Seeds at the following Locations (by Bus) :

Odisha : Throughout the state Odisha (All district head quarters)
Chhatisgarh : At Raipur & Bhilai
Jhadakhand : At Ranchi, Jamsedpur (Tata)
Andhra Pradesh : At Visakhapatanam(Vizak / Waltior), Vizianagaram, Vijayawada & Rajamundry
Telengana : At Hyderbad
West Bengal : At Kolkata, Durgapur & Asansol

We can also deliver to other areas through courier services or by Train.


Contact for Buying Mushroom Seeds/ Spawn :


Abhishek Kumar Sadhu
Programme Manager, ECO-MUSHROOM
M- 07873580870 / 09438298830

PADDY STRAW MUSHROOM CULTIVATION PROFIT ANALYSIS :

Unlike other agriculture practices, mushroom farming(Paddy Straw) has a production cycle of only 15 days. ie farmers can get  their return from mushroom farming within 15 days, that too 3-4 times of their initial input cost. Cost per bed is about  60-70 rupees(INR) and Yield from one bed is appx. 1 kg to 1.5 kg ie  about Rs. 200/- (INR) return as  per market price of mushroom. So farmers can get net profit of of 130/-  or atleast Rs. 100/- profit per bed (deducting all the risk factors) within 15 days.

Farmers/Entrepreneurs having 3-4 decimal (1200 sq. ft) of land can earn monthly profit of Rs. 20,000/-per month through paddy straw mushroom cultivation. Paddy straw cultivation beds are laid out under well ventilated shed(shed of any material) having its four sides covered by Jute bags, bamboo mats or vertiver root mats (Bena Chera) or any other net for good ventilation of air. A shed of 1000 sq ft. can support 100 beds(Paddy straw) per 15 days(production cycle) or 200 beds per month.

So the Profit per month from 1000 sq. ft bed
=Rs 100 profit per bed x 200 beds per month)
= Rs. 20,000/-

(as one bed can produce 1 kg of paddy straw mushroom giving profit return of Rs.100.)

PADDY STRAW MUSHROOM CULTIVATION WEB LINK :

http://www.mushroom-spawn.com/2013/07/mushroom-cultivation.html



  Paddy Straw Mushroom Cultivation Process Video




Oyster Mushroom Cultivation Process Video


We are providing training on Mushroom Cultivation. Also provide training both Mushroom Spawn Production and Mushroom Cultivation. Some training details of coming session are below :

Training Theme : Mushroom Cultivation (Paddy Straw Mushroom and Oyster Mushroom)


Training duration : 3 days

Training Charges: Rs. 2,000/- per trainee 

Place of training :

Day 1 - In-house orientation 1 day at Bhubaneswar
Day-2 - Orientation-cum-demonstration on cultivation of paddy straw and oyster mushroom near by Bhubaneswar
Day-3 - Mushroom Cultivation Planning for individual trainees 

Advance Registration Amount :-  Rs. 1000/- per trainee

Number of trainees per batch : 15-20 trainees

Training Date :
 9th - 11th September 2017


Those interested in training and related services, fill up the form above or pay the registration amount(Account for payment given below) and contact us in the address, mail & phone number given below.

Field Training or Onsite training:

We provide field/onsite training on Mushroom cultivation to cultivar groups, associations, SHGs, Organisations or Institutions on payment of Resource Person charges of Rs. 1500/- per person per day and other touring expenses.(Services inside Odisha and neighbouring states only).

Account details for Advance Payment :

Abhishek Kumar Sadhu
Acct. No- 10173752335
IFS Code -SBIN0003341
SBI OUAT Campus Branch,
Bhubaneswar, Odisha.

M-07873580870 / 09438298830
Email : ecaorissa@gmail.com

Office Address
N-5, Lane-2, Soubhagya Nagar
Jena Electrical Road, 
Unit-8, Bhubaneswar
Odisha, Pin-751003



MUSHROOM SPAWN UNIT : One small scale mushroom spawn production unit which produce 200 bottles per day can earn a profit of Rs. 50,000/- per month (Details of Mushroom spawn production informed below).

COST OF SETTING UP : Rs. 1,50,000/- (One Lakh Rupees only) including 12 days on the site training & Knowhow transfer.

ORDER DETAILS : Any organisation/Institution or Individual Entrepreneur who want to set up one Mushroom Spawn(seeds) Production Unit, fill up and apply with all possible details
below:



Organisation Name / Your Name: *



Your Email Address: *



Subject: *



Details of Message, Address & Contact Phone/Mobile No: *





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SERVICES AND PAYMENT NORMS


We are now providing Paddy Straw(Volvariella volvacea or Volvaria volvacea or Agaricus volvaceus), Oyster(Pleurotus ostreatus) and Milky mushroom spawn technology.


The total expenses for the equipments, accessories and services is INR Rs. 1,50,000.00 (excluding the delivery expenses). A part from this you have to make some on the site arrangement. We are taking an advance of 60% of the total amount i.e. Rs. 90,000.00 in the form of cheque/DD or organisational account deposit (Bank Acct. details given below). Rest Rs. 60,000.00 along with the delivery charges will be paid after the delivery and installation of Mushroom Spawn unit. Within one week of receiving the advance our experts will move to your area with the equipments and accessories. They will give you details of layout of units, and practically demonstrate and orient you on spawn production and Mushroom Cultivation. If necessary two of your delegates will be demonstrated and be trained here in Bhubaneswar for two days. after completion of layout and installation, our master trainers will train your personnel on the site for 12 days.



Spawn unit set up in case of Govt. Projects or Govt. Institutes can be proceeded by drawing upon an Contract/Agreement which require no advances; payment only as per progress.

For More information on Mushroom Cultivation, Spawn production, mushroom training etc. visit our home page :

www.eco-mushroom.com


Bank Account Details :

Eco-care and Aware
Acct. No. - 10173713601

IFS Code- SBIN0003341
State Bank of India
OUAT Campus Branch
Bhubaneswar, Odisha 


PADDY STRAW MUSHROOM CULTIVATION


 
  Paddy Straw Mushroom Cultivation Method Video




Different Aspects of Paddy Straw Mushroom Cultivation in Oriya




Required Ingredients : 



1) Paddy Straw : Straw of local paddy is usually good for paddy straw mushroom cultivation.  Specially straw from paddy variety with white primodia, narrow, stiff and un-threshed(by bullock or tractor) is required. Paddy straw when trodden by bullocks or tractor, loose stiffness and easily rots when it comes in contact with water, gets compressed which is not good for mushroom mycelia growth. As such straw obtained through harvesting by beating the straw bundles with hand are always good for mushroom cultivation. Only the top and panicle portion is removed. Paddy straw should be harvested leaving only 4” to 6” from the ground level. This is because on fungal species is found at the base portion which caused rotting and contamination of the straw subsequently. Paddy straw from variety C.R.1014, 1242, 141, T90, is good for preparing mushroom beds.A mushroom bed of 2 feet length, 2 ft wide and 2 ft height is prepared from 10 to 20 bundles of straw as per the thickness of the straw bundles. First hold on the top of straw bundle and loosen the binding of the straw bundle by doing so the leaves come out. If leaves will remain, it will hold more water for long time and cause rotting of the straw soon. 


2) Mushroom Spawn: For one bed of mushroom 250 to 350 gm of mushroom spawn (seed) required. The culture should be free from infection. 


3) Nutrition : For cultivation of paddy straw  mushroom, powder of bengalgram, lentil, horsegram, red gram, blackgram or green gram and wheat bran and paddy husk is used. Powder obtained from bengalgram with its seed coat gives more yield form powder of bengalgram with seed coat.  





Material required to prepare one bed of Mushroom :



Straw bundle :-  15-20 bundles of straw OR 15 kg (as per thickness of bundle)


Mushroom Spawn(Seed) :-  One bottle Or 250 gm
Nutrition :-  250 gm of Bengal gram or red gram
Bed Size :-  2 ft x 2 ft  OR 1.5 ft x 1.5 ft
Space  :-  3ft x 3ft OR 2.5ft x 2.5ft ( 7-10 sq ft/bed ) 

Cultivation Method : 
1) Remove leaves of the straw bundle and cut to 2ft size with a straw cutter.  The required number of straw bundles are soaked in a tank of clean water for 12 to 16 hours. Water from ditches, ponds etc which are dirty  should not be used. At the time of soaking use 100 ml of formalin and 10 grams of bavistin per 100 liters of water. Where electric heaters are available hot water should be used for treating the straw bundles.
2) Remove the straw bundles from water and keep in standing positions for 5 to 6 hours so as to drain out the excess water from the outside and inside the straw bundles  and only 75 % moisture will remain in the straw bundles. 
3) Spawn of 2 to 3 weeks should be used. Break the bottle and remove the glasses. Use cotton to remove small glass piece if stick to the spawn. Divide the spawn to 4 equal parts and make small pieces of spawn having size of thumb finger.  
4) Use 250 gms of Dal powder grinded from whole grain of bengalgram. Else use paddy husk or rice bran to reduce the cost of cultivation. It should also be divided to 4 equal parts.  
5) After arranging straw, spawn and nutrition, prepare the beds. First put a layer of straw of 6 inches height. See that the bases of straw are towards outer side and top portion are inside. Let the direction of the first layer be east-west or north-south. Take one part of the spawn out of the 4 parts and put the spawn pieces on the bed leaving 2 inches from outer side and at 3 inches distance. Sprinkle the dal powder of Bengalgram or redgram over the spawn  blocks and nearby area.  
6) Over the first layer, put again 6 inches height of straw. Arrange the straw on the opposite direction of the first layer (East-west of North-south).  Take of another part of spawn and put the spawn piece at a distance of 3 to 4 inches as in the first layer. Also sprinkle the dal powder over it as done previously.   
7) Put the third layer of 6 inches of straw in parallel direction to the 1st layer and put rest 2 parts of spawn all over the third layer and sprinkle 2 parts of Dal powder too.  
8) Cover the third layer with the final 4th layer of straw of 1 to 2 inches width, parallel to the 2nd layer. Now press the layer at the top so that the mycelium can grow well. Cut the spilled straw all around the bed with the help of a seizure.  
9) After the bed is ready, cover it with  white polythene or stitched sheet of cement/fertilizer bags. First 4-5 days keep the beds as such. After 4-5 days the polythene sheet may be removed for 30 minutes daily for aeration and spray water only on portion of bed where straw is dried.   
10) After 10 to 11 days when mycelium growth is observed, the polythene cover may be removed exposing the bed to open air. 
11) Harvesting : First flush of mushroom comes out after 13-15 days of sowing. The mushroom should be harvested at bud stage whose demand is more in the market and also tasty on cooking.  
After 14-15 days first phase of harvesting is done giving 90 % of the yield. The beds may be retained for another after 5-10 days for the second phase of harvest of 10 % or can be taken outside for second phase harvest so that fresh bed can be laid out to save time of harvest cycle.




OYSTER MUSHROOM CULTIVATION PROCESS


MATERIAL REQUIREMENT

Substrate :
A large number of agriculture, forest and agro-industrial byproducts are useful for growing oyster mushroom. Substrates should be fresh, dry and free from mould infestation. Oyster mushroom can utilize a large number of agro-wastes including straw of wheat, paddy and ragi, stalks and leaves of maize, jowar, bajra, and cotton, sugarcane bagasse, jute and cotton  waste, peanut shells, dried grasses, sunflower stalks, used tea leaf and discarded waste paper. It can also be cultivated using industrial wastes like paper mill sludge, coffee by-products, tobacco waste etc. About 1.5 -2.0 kg of good substrate will be required per bag of 80 cm x 40 cm size.

Mushroom Spawn
Three to four week old non-contaminated spawn @ 10 % of dry weight of the substrate is required  for the purpose. Spawn of good quality should be collected from a reliable source. Further, the species / variety should be chosen basing on the temperature and relative humidity of the cropping season of the locality. Just prior to use the 200 gm Spawn is extracted from the bottle with hooked iron rod and divided into four parts.

Substrate Supplementation
Some of the common supplements are wheat bran, rice bran, soybean cake, groundnut cake, maize meal, horse gram powder, cotton seed meal etc. wheat bran and rice bran should be used at the rate of 10%, while other should be tried @ 3-6% on dry weight basis of the substrate. Supplements after pasteurization are thoroughly mixed with straw while spawning. Addition of supplements increases the substrate temperature and hence, it is risky during the work period to supplement the substrate.

Polythene Bag
Transparent polythene tube of 125-150 gauge with a dimension of 80 cm x 40 cm is suitable for oyster cultivation. Bags of 60 cm x 40  cm may also be used for the purpose. The bags can be reused for the second crop after proper cleaning.

CULTIVATION PROCEDURE

Substrate Processing
Freshly procured good quality substrate is chopped to 4-5 cm size by a chaff cutter and steeped in a chemical solution of carbendazim 50 % WP(75ppm) and formal dehide (500 ppm) for a period of 6 hours. Then the straw is taken out and excess water is to be drained. Ninty liters of water mixed with 7.5 g carbendazim 50% WP and 125 ml formaldehide(37-40%) will be appropriate for the purpose. However seam and hot water treatment methods are preferred as there are reports of phytotoxicity associated with chemical treatment. Here, the pre-wetted substrate after chopping is soaked in hot water (65-700 C ) for one our. In case of steam pasteurization, the pre-wetted straw is steam pasteurized at 60-700 C for one hour, cooled at room temperature and then seeded with spawn. Through pasteurization, the competitor moulds are either killed or their growth is suppressed for 25-40 days after spawning.

The substrate is dried in shade for few hours in order to maintain the moisture level of 55-60%. The substrate necessary for raising one bag may be divided into four lots after drying.

Raising of bag
One end of the polythene tube is tied with a rubber band and the moistened substrate is put inside to a height of 15 cm. Substrate is then gently pressed and one part each of spawn(50g) and supplement(50 g) spread at the periphery close to polythene(See the Video). Like wise, four such layers are made  and the bag is closed at the upper end after pressing the substrate. For a bag out of 2 kg of dry straw, 200 g each spawn and supplement will be used. 15-20 small holes(0.5 cm diameter) should be made on all sides to facilitate gas exchange. Instead of layer spawning, mixed spawning may also be followed where the required quantity of spawn is mixed with the prepared substrate(soaked straw) and incorporated into the bag. The bags are then incubated in a well ventilated room at 250 C. During the mycelial growth bags should not be opened.

After Care
Once the mycelium has fully colonized the substrate forming a thick mycelial mat, it is ready for fruiting. Contaminated bags with mould may be discarded while bags with patchy mycelia growth may be left for few more days for completion of the mycelia growth. These bags are opened after 15-16 days. But in case of P. eous and P. djamore var. are opened after 12 days as fruiting comes out within these. The bundles after opening are arranged on shelves at a distance of 20 cm between each bag in the tier or hanged with plastic rope. Appropriate temperature (20-300 C), humidity(70-80%) and light(200 lux) with good ventilation should be maintained in the cropping room. Bags are watered twice daily depending upon the weather condition.

Harvesting
Primordia(small eggs) appears within 4-5 days of opening the bag that came to the harvestable stage 3-4 days later. The mushrooms should be harvested when the cap begins to fold inwards. Picking is done by twisting the mushroom gently without disturbing the surrounding fruit bodies. Crop should not be watered before harvesting.  The second crop  appears after 7-10 days. Hence  within 45 days crop period, 3-4 crops are expected. With exception, under suitable growing condition, a biological efficiency of 100% is achieved in commercial farms.

Yield Per Bag : 1.5 kg  - 2.0 Kg.


By Dr. Kailash Behari Mohapatra &
Dr. Niranjan Chinara

Milky mushroom, otherwise known as summer mushroom, is a long sized, white and attractive mushroom of India. This is a tropical mushroom like paddy straw mushroom. Artificial cultivation started as early as 1976 in the state of West Bengal. Now, this mushroom has gained popularity in the states of Karnatak, Tamilnadu, Kerala and Andhra Prodesh. The climatic condition of these states including Odisha is suitable for milky mushroom cultivation from March to October. However, in some states this has not been commercialized yet because of the preference of paddy straw mushroom by the people. At present efforts are on to popularize milky mushroom in India like paddy straw and oyster mushroom.

Attributes:
·         The mushroom is bright white in colour and attractive.
·         Different types of cellulosic wastes can be used as basal substrate.
·         The cultivation procedure is simple and easy
·         Productivity is higher – 80 to 100 %
·         Milky mushroom has good self life. Fruit bodies can be stored for 3-4 days in ambient condition.
·         Fresh mushroom can be exported.



CLIMATIC REQUIREMENT

Temperature : Milky Mushroom can be grown in the temperature range of 250 - 400C. However, for best yields, 250 - 350C is necessary. Hence, this mushroom can be cultivated from the month of March to October in major states of India. During summer months, it may be necessary to bring down the temperature and to improve the relative humidity for obtaining higher yields.

Relative humidity : Atmospheric relative humidity should be in the range of 80 – 85 %. Under low humidity, young fruit bodies dry up or the upper surface of the mushroom becomes rough.

Light : During fruiting, low light(200 lux) is necessary. However during the mycelium growth period, light requirement is still minimal.

Ventilation : During fruiting stage, more oxygen is required and therefore, bags are kept in a well-ventilated room.

MATERIAL REQUIREMENT

Substrate : Different types of cellulosic agricultural residues such as paddy straw, wheat straw, barley straw, maize, jowar and bajra stalkm groundnut haulms, sugarcane bagasse, wheat bran and cotton waste can be used as basal substrate. However, paddy straw is the best substrate for cultivation of Milky Mushroom. About one kilogram of dry straw is necessary for raising a single bag.

Mushroom Spawn : Three weeks to one month old 100 grams of good quality seeds (10 % of dry weight of straw) is necessary for raising a bag. The spawn should be procured from a recognized spawn laboratory.

Organic Supplement : For improving productivity one may use pasteurized maize meal, wheat bran, paddy husk or boiled wheat grain at 100-150 gm per bag during spawning.

Polythene Bag : Polythene tube of dimension 60 cm x 40 cm with 100 gauge thickness and open at both sides is required for milky mushroom cultivation.

CULTIVATION PROCEDURE

Substrate Processing : Good quality paddy straw is chopped to 4-5 cm size with chaff cutter. The chopped straw is soaked in clean and cold water for six hours. However, the soaking period is varied with nature of substrate. Excess water is drained from the straw and it is subjected to physical and chemical means of pasteurization as in the case of oyster mushroom. Straw should contain 50-55% moisture at the end for giving better productivity.

Raising of Bags: One end of the polythene tube is tied with rubber band and the moistened and pasteurized substrate is put inside to a height of 7.5 cm. Substrate is then gently pressed and one third each of spawn and supplement (35 gm) spread at the periphery close to polythene. Likewise, three such layers  are made and the bag is closed at the upper end after pressing the substrate. 15 to 20 small holes (0.5 cm to  1.0 cm dia) should be made on all sides to facilitate gas exchange. Instead of layer spawning, mixed spawning may also be followed where the required quantity of spawn is mixed with the prepared substrate (soaked and pasteurized straw) and incorporated into the bag. The bags are then incubated in a dark room where a temperature of 25-350C and a relative humidity of 80% are maintained. It takes about 20 days when substrate is fully colonized and bags are ready for casing. Bags are shifted to cropping room for casing and cropping.

Casing and after care : Casing means covering the top surface of bags after spawn run is over, with pasteurized casing material in about 2-3 cm thickness. Casing provides physical support, moisture and allows gases to escape from the substrate. Casing material(soil 50% + Compost 50%) with pH adjusted to 7.8 to 7.9 with chalk powder is pasteurized in autoclave at 15 psi for one hour or chemically treated with 4 % formaldehyde solution about a week in advance of casing. It is covered with polythene sheet to avoid escape of chemical and turned at 2 days interval so that at the time of casing, soil is free from formalin smell. Top of the bag is opened, polythene is folded and casing material is uniformly spread in 2-3 cm thickness.

Cropping : It takes about 10 days for the mycelium to reach the top of the casing layer when fresh air is introduced along with appropriate temperature and humidity. The changes thus made in the environment, result in the initiation of fruit bodies within 3-5 days which may mature in about a week.
     Mushroom of 7-10 cm diameter are harvested by twisting, cleaned  and packed in perforated polythene/polypropylene bags for marketing. In a 40 days duration crop, around 800-1000 g of mushroom may be harvested per bag. Hence, the biological efficiency of milk mushroom is 80-100%.

Average Yield per bag : 1 Kg

MAJOR EDIBLE MUSHROOMS OF INDIAN SUBCONTINENT

  1. PADDY STRAW MUSHROOM (Volvariella  volvacea)
  2. GREY OYSTER (Pleurotus  Sajor caju)
  3. TREE OR PEARL OYSTER (Pleurotus  ostreatus)
  4. BUTTON MUSHROOM (Agaricus  bisporus)
  5. Milky Mushroom (Calocybe  indica)
  6. SHIITAKE MUSHROOM (Lentinula  edodes)
  7. WINTER MUSHROOM  (Flammulina  velutipes)
  8.  BLACK EAR (Auricularia auricular)


NUTRITIVE VALUES OF DIFFERENT EDIBLE MUSHROOM



IMPORTANCE OF MUSHROOM CULTIVATION

·         Mushroom as a Source of Protein and other Food Nutrient
·         Unique Flavour and Exotic Taste
·         Medicinal Properties
·         Easy and Simple Production Procedure
·         Labour Intensive Method of Cultivation
·         Absence of Crop Competition
·         Suitable Enterprise for Farm Ladies
·         Utilization of Agro-Wastes in Mushroom Cultivation
·         Export Potential

Contact for Buying Seeds / Spawn

ODISHA BY BUS
OTHER AREAS BY COURIER or REGD. PARCEL
CONTACT - 07873580870

Contact for buying Mushroom

-Paddy Straw Mushroom
-Button Mushroom
-Dry Oyster Mushroom
Contact - 07873580870

Join Eco-Mushroom FB Page

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Contact Us

Office Address :

ECO-CARE & AWARE

N-5, Saubhagya Nagar,

Unit-8, Bhubaneswar,

Orissa, India.


Contact Person : Abhishek Kumar Sadhu


Ph- 07873580870 / 09438298830, 0674-2385652

Email : ecaorissa@gmail.com


Services and Payment Norms

We are now providing Paddy Straw(Volvariella volvacea or Volvaria volvacea or Agaricus volvaceus), Oyster (Pleurotus ostreatus) and Milky mushroom spawn technology.

The total expenses for the equipments, accessories and services is INR Rs. 1,50,000.00 (excluding the delivery expenses). A part from this you have to make some on the site arrangement. We are taking an advance of 60% of the total amount i.e. Rs. 90,000.00 in the form of cheque/DD or organisational account deposit (Bank Acct. details given below). Rest Rs. 60,000.00 along with delivery charges will be paid after the delivery and installation of equipments. Within one week of receiving the advance our experts will move to your area with the equipments and accessories. They will give you details of layout of units, and practically demonstrate and orient you on spawn production and mushroom cultivation. If necessary two of your delegates will be demonstrated and be trained here in Bhubaneswar for two days. after completion of layout and installation, our master trainers will train your personnel on the site for 12 days.

Spawn unit set up in case of Govt. Projects or Govt. Institutes can be proceeded by drawing upon an Contract/Agreement which require no advances; payment only as per progress.


Bank Account Details :

Eco-care and Aware
Acct. No. - 10173713601

IFS Code- SBIN0003341
State Bank of India
OUAT Campus Branch
Bhubaneswar, Odisha


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